What do you wonder? Real-world math problems are everywhere

We hear this everywhere – students should be doing “real-world” math and they should be applying what they learn in math to “real-world situations.” Textbooks and math resources advertise their “real-world problem solving” experiences and “real-life math applications.” But, as those of us who are math teachers can attest, often times the real-world examples are contrived or forced and—let’s face it—not very interesting to students. I mean, what student really cares what time two trains leaving from New York and Detroit are going to cross paths?

What do you wonder? Image courtesy of images.google.com

The idea of real-world problem solving and applications in mathematics is important. As the Common Core specifically states in the Standards of Mathematical Practice, “Mathematically proficient students can apply the mathematics they know to solve problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace.” But I wonder if we often try too hard to create real-world problems when, if all we did were look around and ask “what do you wonder?” and “what do you notice?”, we would find that math problems are everywhere.

I admit—I stole the “what do you wonder?” and “what do you notice?” from Annie Fetter, an inspiring math educator at The Math Forum. Annie (@MFannie) did this amazing Ignite! presentation at NCTM 2011 on just asking students those simple questions. Her point is that students will come up with creative questions and applications about mathematics if we just let them.

Take five minutes now (yes, that’s all it takes!) to watch Annie’s video:

I posted Annie’s video and asked for teacher reflection in the online course I am moderating as part of a long-term blended Sketchpad professional development. What I realized in reading the reflections is that we, as teachers, don’t spend enough time letting our students make real connections and ask real problems and questions. We don’t give them time to wonder or notice because we are so focused on the end-result.  Here are a couple of responses from my online participants which I think you will find interesting:

“I know that teachers are asking, “Are there any questions?” and “Do you understand?”; however, I’m not sure how many teachers are asking, “What do you notice?” or “What do you wonder?” So many times, teachers will ask if there are any questions, or whether students understand, only to be met with blank stares. This leads to nobody’s “needs” being met.”

“Asking good questions is key to any well-functioning classroom. The CCSS include students’ ability to communicate mathematically. Asking good questions gets conversations started. Simply by asking students what they notice and/or what they wonder, students will begin to communicate mathematically. Asking them what they notice and what they wonder puts the ownership back on the student, encouraging them to think and communicate about math.”

“My ultimate goal is to create independent thinkers and doers of mathematics. So many times they panic and shut down when they “don’t get it.” Maybe if I give them the opportunity to notice and wonder about things, their anxiety will decrease. I look forward to trying this approach in class. It’s new, so there will be some “growing pains” that go along with trying something new, but if it helps to create independent thinkers, I’m all for it!”

“I thought the idea of not asking a specific question was very intriguing, something I might try. It certainly leaves the problem more open to exploration and interpretation.”

“If asked them to wonder, students may wonder why would I need to know this, or why does this happen and feel more compelled to investigate and learn like a young child. I very much agree with the speaker. We need to allow kids to wonder and encourage their thinking.  Math may have numbers but concepts are concepts and I bet many HS kids would love to be asked what they wonder.”

I think it’s something everyone should try. Give your kids a picture or a puzzling situation and ask them what they wonder or what they notice. As I was writing this blog I noticed a Tweet from @gcouros referencing the Free Technology For Teachers from site (@rmbyrne) . They posted information about Dan Meyer’s free 101 Questions site, which provides real-world images and videos with the simple directive “what’s the first question that comes to mind?” Similar to Annie,  students can wonder and notice mathematical connections of their own making. In 140 characters or less students or teachers can pose a question that gets them thinking about real-world math…everywhere. Another great resource for real-world thought provoking wonderment’s is mathalicious.com run by Karim Ani, as well as Yummymath.com run by Brian Marks and Leslie Lewis . These are just some resources to get you started.

My challenge to you: ask your math students what they wonder and what they notice—you may be surprised at the mathematics that results.

I have been in the math education field for over 20 years. The first 15 of those as a middle and high school math teacher, 2 of those years as a district math specialist, and the last several years working as a professional development provider. I am incredibly interested and motivated by technology in education, for teachers and students, and ways to incorporate technology effectively into mathematics so that students experience and explore math in dynamic ways. I am continually trying to learn about how to improve teacher instruction so that students can learn and understand mathematics better. I have a math degree from Virginia Tech (Go Hokies!!), a Masters in Curriculum and Instruction (Math focus) from Virginia Commonwealth University and am currently ABD (all but dissertation) in Educational Technology from the College of William and Mary. I currently work for Key Curriculum Press as their Director of Education Technology Outreach - a dream job, working for the company that helped me through years of teaching...I have to pinch myself most days!
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13 Responses to What do you wonder? Real-world math problems are everywhere

1. L Chase Lawrence says:

Great blog. I had the honor of having Annie as my instructor twice at Drexel University in the School of Education. She is awsome.

• Chase,

Agreed – Annie is terrific. I am always inspired by her. Are you going to be at NCSM this year? She is doing another Ignite! presentation – Wednesday at 4 pm. Along with other Drexel folks – Steve Weimer and Max Ray.

2. Fawn Nguyen says:

I loved the fact that I only saw a 5-min video of Annie, yet I got a lot out of it. I’m certainly guilty of saying to students, “What don’t you get?” Will definitely try this in class. I was just at Dan’s 101questions two nights ago and immediately thought of his site while reading this article, then saw that it was brought up at the end here. Cool. Thank you!

• Glad you liked it…it’s one of my favorite videos. short but so powerful!!

3. David Wees says:

Thank you so much for sharing this video. Annie is awesome.

• David, You are welcome. Annie is definitely awesome. If you are going to be at NCSM in Philly this year, she is doing another Ignite! on Wednesday, April 25.

Nice to hear from you though I do catch you daily on Twitter!

Karen

4. Pingback: The Big Bad Math | Sine of the Times

5. Kay Brown says:

I’m struggling in a remedial math class in college at the moment. I’m 48 years old and was exposed to the most basic math all throughout my school years and into high school. I remember finding perimeters and areas in high school math class, but it ended there. I was a writer and artist, not a math person. I’ve held jobs as a cashier and waitress, but money and numbers made me nervous and I’d always give out incorrect change and my cash drawer would be over or under the amount it was supposed to be. Then I worked as a printing press operator at 19, which in 1983 was unheard of for a 19 year old girl. But, because I scored so highly on the aptitude test for spatial recognition and I was a ‘technical’ oriented person, I beat 2400 other people out on the printing apprenticeship. However, I could not do the math to figure out how many labels I could print on a roll that had certain dimensions and used certain sized dies. My foreman often had to do the math for me.

I only lasted at the printing job for a year and a half, then had to quit due to health issues. Over the years, my inability to learn and understand math, has held me back in so many ways, but I realize that not all of us can be the same. We all learn at different levels, in different ways. I learn by reading words, looking at graphic depictions or photographs, or by watching someone do a physical action. Math does not ‘register’ in my brain like words and pictures do. Math is just a big jumble of numbers, letters, and symbols that make no sense to me, despite having just learned square roots, the meaning of exponents, ratios, rates, proportions, area, and perimeter. I have to constantly look in the back of my math book for the answers to make sure my answers were correct. And even then, I can’t remember how I came up with the right answer 10 minutes after I did the problem. It just doesn’t ‘stick’.

• Kay – it does sound like though, that you have been doing ‘real-world’ math most of your life. Spatial thinking is very mathematical – geometry and the like. I think, as Annie in this video points out, that math is everywhere, not just in the numbers and algorithms that seem to be giving you problems. What you are struggling with are the rules and symbols, but I am thinking had you been given more opportunity to expand your spatial reasoning and made that connection, math might have had more meaning and value.

6. What’s up, I check your blog on a regular basis. Your writing style is witty, keep it up!

7. Jaimin Patel says:

Very nice blog. Thanks for posting this.